Karl W. Grube, Ph.D., 32°, Tyler

Ann Arbor Fraternity Lodge No. 262



 The term "Intender" has its historical roots in the old operative Lodges of Scotland. The “Intender” or mentor was entrusted with the instruction of new candidates.  During The 1600’s, to “intend" meant to stretch out, extend, expand, increase, intensify. Today, the “education officer” of the lodge is charged with the task of imparting the basic knowledge of Masonry’s history and ritual.  To this end, the Tyler of this Lodge has written a series of Q & A defining the essence of the Masonic Degrees. 




1. A special class of builders who designed cathedrals, churches, mansions, and borough halls during the Middle Ages were _______.




2. _______ belonged to building crafts consisting of quarrymen, dike builders, wallers, tilers, paviors, and other skilled labors.




3. _______ projects required Freemasons and Masons from distant lands who assembled onsite and first built a fraternity lodge, homes, and barns.




4. Freemasons and Masons were _______ Builders of architectural structures during the Middle Ages.




5. Lodges admitted _______ men who did not follow a Freemasonry livelihood.


"Accepted" or Speculative


6. The words "Free and Accepted" Masons comes from _______ and Speculative Masonry.




7. In 1717 the first Grand Lodge of Masonry was established in ________.




8. Free & Accepted Masonry as practiced in worldwide lodges today is a _______ for men.




9. Ancient Craft Masonry is organized into Grand Lodges and _______.


local lodges


10. A Mason must believe in _______ but is free to choose any religion with such a belief.




11. A _______ is obliged to obey the Moral Law being Men of Honour and Honestry.




12. Freemasonry is a Fraternity whereby all _______ matters lie outside its prudent forethought.




13. A _______ seeks membership to Masonry of his own free will and accord.




14. Masonry is open to the _______ as evidenced by the 200,000 books published on the craft.




15. Masonic Degrees are the organization of ceremonies and rites passed through by the _______.




16. G.A.O.T.U. stands for The Great Architect Of the Universe and creates a great humility for the _______.




17. The symbolic working tools of a _______ are the Plumb, Square, and Compass.


Master Mason


18. Masonic _______ include, brotherliness, charity, good will, fellowship, friendship, and character.




19. Rites, symbols, postures, emblems, and signs are _______ between Brother Masons.


communication tools


20. _______ was Master of his Lodge in Virginia upon ascending to the Presidency in 1789.


George Washington


21. _______ published the first Masonic book in 1734.


Benjamin Franklin


22. G.A.O.T.U. stand for _________.


Great Architect of the Universe


23. The three degrees of Ancient Craft Freemasonry compose the _______.




24. A _______ must be of lawful age; morally responsible; and ethically of good report.




25. A petitioner must come of his own _______and accord.


free will


26. A petitioner physically must perform Masonic duties; possess _______ means for his expenses; and be acceptable to men in the lodge.




27. The Principle of _______ is fundamental to Masons in all lands.




28. Napolean, Mozart, and Frederick the Great and were active Masonic _______.




29. Freemasonry is depicted as a _______ in Webster's Dictionary.




30. _______ understand the "practice of fraternalism" better than any other organization.




31. Freemasonry is a Constituted _______ of men.




32. The Grand Lodge of Michigan is housed in the _______ Masonic Temple.


Grand Rapids


Reference:  INTERESTING FACTS OF FREEMASONRY  Grand Lodge of Michigan Masons  1976.



The Apprentice of Operative Masonry was a young man tied to a Master Mason for the purpose of learning the art of building. When he qualified, his name was entered onto the rolls of the Lodge with specific conduct expected. He qualified for advancement by presenting his work for inspection and undergoing examination.

1. The EA first confronts the _______.


2. The _______ symbolizes leaving the dirt of the world outside the temple.

absent shoe

3. The _______ symbolizes initial self-restraint of the candidate.


4. The _______ symbolizes our devotion to the Grand Architect of the Universe.


5. The Three Great Lights of Masonry are the _______.

Bible, Square, Compass

6. The Lodge orientation of east to west and north to south is symbolic of _______.


7. The Worshipful Master's Jewel is the _______.


The Senior Warden's Jewel is the _______.


8. The Junior Warden's Jewel is the _______


9. The tools of the EA are the _______.

Common Gavel, 24" Gauge

10. The _______ symbolizes the EA.

Rough Ashlar

11. The _______ symbolizes a finished Mason.

Smooth Ashlar

12. The EA is considered the _______ of the Craft.


13. The Blue Lodge symbolizes the blue of the _______.


14. The four Cardinal Virtues are _______.

Fortitude, Prudence, Temperance, Justice

15. In _______ Masonry a Freemason was "free" to travel for carving stone.


16. The EA Degree is symbolic of _______.


17. The Square symbolizes _______.


18. The Compasses symbolizes _______.


19. King Solomon's Temple is symbolic of the first _______.

Masonic Lodge

20. So Mote It Be symbolizes _______.

fellowship and reverence

21. The E.A. learns that God, Country, and People are important to _______.


22. The three principal rounds of Jacob's Ladder are _______.

faith, hope, charity

23. Rite of Discalceation is symbolic of being _______ before God.


24. Rite of Circumambulation symbolizes walking around the alter from e-w via the _______.


25. Rite of Investiture or Purification symbolizes granting of the _______.

white leather apron

26. The lambskin or white leather apron was first worn by _______.

Jewish Priests

27. The Honorable Badge of a Mason is a term describing the ________.

white leather apron

28. The Mosaic Pavement and Indented Tessel are the _______ of the Lodge.


29. The three ________ in a Lodge are the sun, moon. and Worshipful Master.

burning tapers

30. The three _______ of the Lodge are the Rough Ashlar, Smooth Ashlar, and Trestle Board.

Moveable Jewels

31. George Washington and Brother Masons in full Masonic regalia laid the first cornerstone in the _______.

US Capitol

32. Chalk, Charcoal, and Clay are symbolic of _______.


Reference: THE CRAFT AND ITS SYMBOLS Allen E. Roberts 1974




The Fellowcraft in Operative Masonry was called the Journeyman or "Passed Apprentice". In Speculative Masonry the Fellowcraft focuses on his relationship with the arts and sciences. He agrees to learn a Masonic Catechism leading to the symbolic state known as a "Perfect Ashlar".


1. The square, plumb, and level are the _______ of a Fellowcraft.


working tools


2. When you "act upon the square" you are telling the _______.




3. Operative Masons used the the plumb to measure _______.




4. The plumb symbolizes a Mason leading an _______ life.




5. The level proves _______ in Operative Masonry.




6. Masons "meet on the level" which symbolizes ______ of brotherhood.




7. The Fellowcraft candidate is in process of building _______.




8. Operative Masonry in England gave way to Speculative Masonry in _______.




9. Dr. James Anderson, a Scottish Presbyterian minister, wrote the "constitutions" or Masonic Laws from old Masonic _______.




10. The pillar Boaz signifies _______.


strength  or power


11. The pillar Jachin signifies _______.


establishment or control


12. When a candidate for the Fellowcraft Degree passes through the two pillars, he symbolically becomes a _______.




13. The numbers _______ have great symbolism to Masons.




14. The number _______ symbolizes the Lodge officers of Worshipful Master, Senior Warden, and Junior Warden.




The _______ Human Senses are tasting, smelling, feeling, seeing, and hearing.




15. The _______ Liberal Arts and Sciences are Grammar, Geometry, Arithmetic, Logic, Rhetoric, Astronomy, and Music.




16. The Five Orders of _______ are Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite.




17. The _______ of the Fellowcraft are the Attentive Ear, Instructive tongue, and Faithful Breast.




18. An _______ is necessary to master the lessons of Freemasonry.


Attentive Ear


19. The passing of the ritual is done with an _______.


Instructive Tongue


20. The understanding of the faithful breast is actually locked within the _______.




21. The letter G suspended over the Worshipful Master alludes to _______.




22. The letter _______ stands for the Grand Architect of the Universe.




23. The letter G symbolizes the faith and fellowship _______ enjoy when Lodge is open.




24. Another name for God or the Grand Architect of the Universe is _______.


Supreme Architect


25. A Fellowcraft is taught the value of work and the importance of acquiring _______.




26. The tuck in the apron is a place for the Fellowcraft to hold his _______.


working tools


27. The Terrestrial and Clesterial Spheres atop the Lodge Columns are derived from Ancient _______.




28. The _______ atop the Lodge Columns teach us that we Masons are to keep a straight course in life.




29. The _______ consist of 3, 5, and 7 steps.


Winding Stairs


30. Operative Masonry _______ were paid in corn, wine, and oil.




31. Corn symbolizes nurishment; wine symbolizes refreshment; and oil symbolizes _______.




32. Upon completing the 2nd Degree, the candidate symbolically is a _______ ready for the Builders' work.


Perfect Ashlar


Reference: THE CRAFT AND ITS SYMBOLS Allen E. Roberts ’74.




The Master Mason  in Operative Masonry was called the Master or “Master Architect.”  In Speculative Masonry the Master Mason focuses on his earthly relationship with his “life hereafter”. He achieves immortality of man through faith  in the Sacred Laws of God.   


1. The Master Mason Degree is considered the candidates _______




2. The MASTER Mason Degree is the _______ Degree in Masonry.




3. Membership in other Masonic appendant bodies results from being a Master Mason in _______.


good standing


4. When you seek light you are seeking the _______.




5. The _______ symbolizes your strong affiliation with the craft.




6. The _______ is the working tool of the Master Mason.




7. The Master Mason symbolically uses the Trowel to spread _______.


brotherly love and affection


8. A Master Mason learns that _______ is his greatest virtue.




9. Time, Patience, and Perseverance are three Master Mason _______.




10. The father of ritual in America was _______.


Thomas Smith Webb


11. The three Great _______ are, Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty.




12. The Pillar of Wisdom is symbolized by our first Grand Master _______.


Solomon, King of Israel


13. The _______ is the symbol of Wisdom in the Lodge.


Worshipful Master


14. The Pillar of Strength is symbolized by _______.


Hiram, King of Tyre


15. The Pillar of Strength in our Lodge is the _______.


Senior Warden


16. The Pillar of Beauty is symbolized by _______.


Hiram Abif


17. The Pillar of Beauty in our Lodge is the _______.


Junior Warden


18.The three Grand Masters met periodically in the _______.


Sanctum Santorium or Holy of Holies


19. The Sanctum Santorium housed the 10 Commandments kept inside the ______.


Ark of the Covenant


20. In a _______, the Alter, Holy Bible, Square, and Compasses _______ symbolize the Ark of the Covenant.


Masonic Lodge


21. Near the Alter, the three lesser lights form a triangle symbolizing the _______.




22. The three steps leading to the _______ Master are emblematic of Youth, Manhood, Old Age.


Worshipful Master


23. The three steps leading to the _______ are symbolic of the Three Degrees in Masonry.


Worshipful Master


24. The Pot of Incense is symbolic of a _______.


pure heart


25. The Pot that holds the Incense is symbolic of _______.




26.The Bee Hive is an emblem of _______.




27. The Tyler's Sword is a symbol to protect the Lodge from _______.




28. The Book of Constituitions is symbolic of _______.


Masonic Law


29. The _______ is the symbol of the Deity.


All Seeing Eye


30. The Sythe is the symbol of time and the Anchor symbolizes _______.




31. Euclid's 47th and 48th problems as applied by Pythagoras are the root of _______.




32. The Sprig of Acacia symbolizes _______.



Reference: THE CRAFT AND ITS SYMBOLS Allen E. Roberts 1974.


Bonisteel Masonic Library
is organized to :


1.  acquire and maintain books, documents, artifacts and other forms of information related to Freemasonry.

2.  make those materials and information available to the general public.

3.  use those materials and information to  develop educational programs related to Freemasonry.


Educational Masonic Programs
are designed to:


1. provide a taxonomy of  outstanding Masonic LINKS.

2. publish Masonic research papers through seminars.

3. organize lecture tours of Masonic architectural structures.


Tiler - Lodge Officer Duties:

His Jewel is the Sword, by which he symbolically refuses entrance to anyone who is uninitiated in the Craft. The sword has no scabbard, as it is his symbolic duty to always have his sword drawn, ready for the defense of his post.

The Tiler (or Tyler) of a Masonic Lodge is an appointed officer of the Lodge and is sometimes known as the "Outer Guard". He sits outside the closed door of the lodge room, armed with a sword.

The Tiler's duties and principle role is to ensure that only those who are duly qualified are allowed to enter the Lodge Room. He guards against cowans and eavesdroppers. During the Middle Ages, a cowan was a man who built stone walls of poor quality. He was an uninitiated or non-apprenticed stonemason...a "jackleg", if you will.

While the Tiler is sometimes called upon to assist in the preparation of candidates, his chief duty is to (symbolically) keep unskilled workmen from overhearing the conversation within the Lodge Room.

After the lodge members are inside the Lodge Room, the door closes and it is the Tiler's duty to decide whether late arrivals may enter. It is also his duty to make sure that each visitor is "properly clothed", which means they must be wearing their Masonic apron.

To be fully and properly dressed before entrance into the Lodge Room, the visitor must be wearing their apron over the top (or on the outside) of their suit coat (never under their coat) and the apron strings must be fully tied before the Tiler will allow the visitor entrance. Some jurisdictions call this position the Outer Guard.

The Tiler's position is similar to that of a Supervisor.

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